Doing Qualitative Research Online: Hit refresh on your methods course!

Thinking about a qualitative research methods course update for the digital age? Doing Qualitative Research Online covers ethical and theoretical foundations, as well as a wide range of approaches to collect or generate data. In addition to finding appropriate extant data, the book encourages researchers to explore ways to elicit data online through interviews or focus groups, or to use enacted methods such as arts-based and experiential methods.

See the SAGE Publications companion site for instructional ideas including a sample syllabus, assignments, media, and (open access) articles.

From an instructor’s blog: “Everyone in the class liked the text.  It is well organized, informative, and clearly written.  There are great charts and tables throughout that illustrate the points being made, and students appreciated this component.”

Share

Academic Blogging

“Blogging is quite simply, one of the most important things that an academic should be doing right now” (Dunleavy, 2014).

I blogHow can researchers provide information about their studies in ways that would be useful and interesting to prospective and current participants? With that question in my mind, I began to explore the potential for blogs as a bridge between researchers and participants. As with almost any online exploration, I discovered a much broader potential for blogs in the academic world.

Today’s researchers, scholars, and instructors are finding
many valuable ways to use blogs. I’ve come to realize that blogs play an important part in the publishing cycle and online ecosystem. It is not a matter of Blogs either/or: we need to find ways these different communication options fit with our career and research goals.

Blogs and Social Media

Before going any further with this discussion, it’s important to define blogs and to distinguish between blogs and social media.

Blogs, short for weblogs are personal online journals where entries are posted chronologically. Microblogs use the same principle but allow for very short entries. Blogs can be text only or embed or link to images or media. Some are public and others are only seen by subscribers or friend lists. (Salmons, 2016)

Bloggers can choose from a number of free or paid platforms where they can devise their own templates, adapt or use available templates. Popular platforms include WordPress, Blogger and Squarespace. Blogs are very flexible and users can create a wide variety of formats and styles of presentation. Some are very basic with simple narrative posts and others are complex with design features that include both static pages and time-sensitive posts. Bloggers use comment features to invite feedback or to interact with readers. Bloggers may choose to generate revenue with advertising and other promotions.

Bloggers are not limited by proscribed lengths, styles, features or page designs. This flexibility stands in contrast to posts made to social networking sites. Social networking sites are typically run as commercial platforms by large companies. These companies have determined ways to make a profit from user-generated material and are thus invested in allowing certain kinds of posts. Brands are built on the sites’ graphic design and features. Users of sites like Facebook can be surprised to login and find that their pages’ format has changed. They have become accustomed to seeing advertising on their walls, as well as links to other content the company has decided is of interest to users who fit a certain profile. Users of the microblog tool Twitter have become accustomed to the 140 character limitation.

Social networking sites and blogs are typically interconnected. Bloggers use social media in order to build an audience. They create posts that fit within the constraints of the social networking sites, but link back to the blog where they have the freedom to present information in the way they prefer. Bloggers can use social networking to interact with others and use their blogs to present more substantial writings and other expressions. The important point here is that by knowing the strengths and weaknesses of each type of site, we can make better choices about which best meets specific academic purposes.

Blogs

Social Networking Sites

Flexible formats and options for presenting narrative material of any length, attachments for download, graphics, photographs and/or media. Format options determined by commercial owner of site.
Communication features determined by blogger, using free, open access plug-ins and software or professionally designed templates. Features and design options determined by commercial owner of site.
Advertising determined by the blogger, who collects the revenue. Advertising determined by the commercial site, and the site collects the revenue.
The blogger chooses what content to promote and what links to share. Commercial owner of site uses data analytics to select content and links aligned with visitors’ interests.

Table 1: Blogs and social networking sites

 

Academics and Blogs

I suggest that academics can use blogs in three main ways:

  • Researcher-to-Researcher: Sharing and exchange.
  • Researcher-to-Participants: Building credibility and “informing” participants
  • Researcher-to-Public: Sharing findings, results and practical resources.

Researcher-to-Researcher: Academic bloggers communicate with each other for exchange and networking within or across disciplines. They present information in ways that build upon a shared foundation in the topics under discussion, and a shared understanding of the protocols and expectations for activities such as conducting research or teaching at the college level. They share resources, links to recent publications, calls for papers, or notices about upcoming conferences, or other opportunities of interest to other academics.

Researcher-to-Participants: Academic bloggers communicate with prospective or current participants. They present information in ways the study population will understand. Blogs intended for this purpose can introduce the study, develop the credibility of the researcher, be used to support recruitment efforts, and help to inform participants before and during the study.

Researcher-to-Public: Academic bloggers also communicate with the general public. They present information in ways that anyone would understand and find of interest. The researcher may translate academese or disciplinary jargon into more familiar terms. The researcher may offer recommendations for applying findings in practical ways. This type of blog is designed to share findings and/or to build awareness about the issues and problems under investigation.

Patrick Dunleavy introduced another way to categorize academic blogs, and I think his approach meshes well with mine. He distinguishes between them according to the number and type of all author: solo, collaborative, or multi-author (Dunleavy, 2014). Table 2 is adapted from his model. As an academic with an interest in blogging, you have the choice of either designing and launching your own solo blog, finding a group of like-minded writers who want to begin a collaborative blog, or looking for opportunities to contribute to a multi-author blog in your field. Alternatively, you can look for opportunities to contribute as a guest writer for blogs that focus on your area of interest.

 

 

Solo

Collaborative

Multi-Author

Type of blog and authorship The blog owner is responsible for direction of the content and writes the posts. Occasionally guests contribute. The blog or another serves as the editor, giving the site in personal style. Usually 2 to 10 authors generate and edit the blog’s content. Guest blogs or columns are written by regular contributors. Editorial roles may be rotated or shared. An editorial team commissions or collates contributions from many authors. Posts are professional edited and the site has strong production values and design. The blog may have a formal tie-in to a scholarly journal or trade publication.

 

How do readers find the blog? Individual authors’ identities are key to the brand. Topic or disciplinary identities help to develop a brand. Strong branding, linked to university, media outlet or professional/scientific bodies or journals.

Table 2: Types of blogs identified by Patrick Dunleavy (2014). See the article for additional categories and the full table.

 

How might these categories inter-relate? A juxtaposition of Dunleavy’s and my categories for academic blogs is illustrated in Table 3. The columns are intended here not as a fixed set of boundaries but more as a continuum between on one end, the individual DIY blogger who is responsible for everything from choosing the domain name, platform, hosting service, and figuring out how to make it all work to a professional operation more comparable to a journal or magazine production.

 

Solo

Collaborative

Multi-Author

Researcher-to-Researcher The researcher creates a blog where he or she posts information about research interests, projects, conference presentations and publications. Researchers with a shared interest, area of inquiry, methodology or discipline work together to create a blog about their individual or team research projects and related events and resources. The blog may serve as a channel for connecting with new research partners, conferences or funding opportunities.

 

Professional society, association, or university group sponsors a blog for researchers working in a specific area of inquiry or discipline. Writing in the blog and any related publications is aimed at other scholars and academics in the field.
Researcher-to-Participants Individual researchers or research teams use a blog to explain the purpose of the study and expectations, benefits and/or risks for participants. As appropriate, findings are shared with the participants. Links are shared on social networking sites. Announcements for opportunities to participate in studies are posted on the blog. Links are shared on social networking sites.
Researcher-to-Public The researcher creates a blog where he or she posts information about research findings and their application. The researcher may use the blog to promote his or her workshops or consultations about how to apply research findings. Links are shared on social networking sites. The group of collaborative researchers and writers creates a blog with the intention of disseminating research findings to those who can use them. The researchers may use the blog to promote workshops or consultations about how to apply research findings. Links are shared on social networking sites. Articles about application and practical use of research findings are featured on the organization’s blog. A blog may be one of many channels for reaching the public. Articles may be associated with products and services available for sale such as handbooks, workshops or training. Links are shared on social networking sites.

 

 

In another post, I shared a recorded presentation with specific examples (with links) for each of these types. Please share your favorite academic blogs and let me know how you think they would fit into these categories. Do you think the blogger or bloggers achieve their purpose? Why or why not? Please post to  and , and follow me on @einterview to join the conversation.

Stay tuned – and I will share what I learn.

 

 

 

 

 

Dunleavy, P. (2014). Shorter, better, faster, free: Blogging changes the nature of academic research, not just how it is communicated.

Salmons, J. (2016). Doing qualitative research online. London: SAGE Publications.

 


Share

Learning to Research, Researching to Learn: SAGE Methodspace Posts

How can we teach students to be inquisitive? Critical thinking and mindsets open to inquiry are needed, whether or not students are preparing to conduct empirical research. In this webinar, we will explore ways to use updated inquiry models of instruction (Weil, Joyce, & Calhoun, 2015) and experiential research activities in curricular or methods courses.

 

 

Learning to Research, Researching to Learn

Share

Creating a Culture of Inquiry in the Classroom

It is essential in this time to change the ways we teach– whether we work with children or adults. They need the opportunity to develop skills needed to scrutinize, dig deeper, and ask hard questions! In the process, perhaps they avoid taking information they receive at face value, and can better understand the importance of scientific, evidence-based approaches. And these skills and mindsets prepare them to be future researchers!

See this post on SAGE Methodspace: http://bit.ly/2kQXgUA

Join me for a free webinar, part of the Connecting Online conference: Friday February 3 at 11 AM EST 4 PM UTC. No registration needed! Just log in http://bit.ly/2iTJWBg

Share

Social Media or Social Web?

I contributed an article, “Social Media or Social Web?” As part of a special issue of a UK online magazine called Discover Society. The special issue is about “Social Science & Social Futures: Fast Scholarship, Emerging Technologies & The Future Of Inquiry.” You might find the editors’ article of interest: Mark Carrigan is a prolific writer and one of the leading thinkers about social media and academic life.

Share

The Virtual Book Tour is on the Move!

The Doing Qualitative Research Online Virtual Book Tour includes stops across the globe.

If you’d like to host a stop on the virtual book tour, learn more here and contact me. Haven’t purchased a copy? Get a discount with this coupon.

Maynooth University in County Kildare, Ireland!

Doing Qualitative Research OnlineThe first stop on the Doing Qualitative Research Online Virtual Book Tour was the Advanced Digital Research Methods class lead by Aphra Kerr of the Sociology Department in Maynooth University, Ireland. We discussed “Eliciting Data with Online Interviews or Focus Groups.” This class is part of their MA in Sociology (Internet and Society) course.Further information on the course can be found here and you can visit Aphra’s webpage. She is on Twitter at @aphrak and the Department is @MU_Sociology.

University of Stirling in Glasgow, Scotland. 

I visited the Theory and Methods of Digital Social Research class at the University of Stirling, in Glasgow,Scotland. It is great to exchange ideas with bright and curious students who are looking at the possibilities for using digital methods in social research.

University of South Africa at Cape Town Centre for Innovation in Learning and Teaching: e/merge Africa

A week-long series of events for educators and students across Africa, through e/merge Africa! Log in to E/merge Africa and access archived materials and recordings. I presented one webinar for faculty who teach research methods or use research activities in their courses: “Getting Started: Teaching Online Research Design Basics.” I presented a second webinar for researchers, “Enacted Approaches for Generating Data with Arts-Based & Participatory Methods.” This webinar focused on the use of creative, interactive online methods. 

April Tour

Social Research Association, based in London. 

We discussed creative and arts-based methods. I created a short exercise guide for visual techniques you can use with your group or class.

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Dpto. Organización de Empresas 

This session included both an overview of online methods and a focus on eliciting data with interviews.

SAGE Publications MethodSpace

“Online Research: Holistic Thinking and Qualitative Design”  Learn how technology can influence all aspects of the design, whether you collect extant data, elicit responses from participants in online interviews, or generate data with arts-based methods.
Free webinar Wednesday, June 15 at 9 a.m. EST/4 p.m. GMT
Register: http://bit.ly/25jKKCk

 

e/merge Africa
e/merge Africa, based at the University of Cape Town  but serving all African educators, will host a week-long discussion and two webinars. Register here.
Maynooth University, Ireland
The first stop on the Doing Qualitative Research Online Virtual Book Tour is the Advanced Digital Research Methods class lead by ​Aphra Kerr of the Sociology Department in Maynooth University, Ireland. We'll discuss "Eliciting Data with Online Interviews or Focus Groups." This class is part of their MA in Sociology (Internet and Society) course.' 

Further information on the course can be found here. Follow Aphra on Twitter 
on @aphrak.
Enjoy your virtual visit to Maynooth University!



SAGE Publications MethodSpace
Webinar: "Online Research:  Holistic Thinking
and Qualitative Design"
Free webinar Wednesday, June 15 at 9 a.m. EST/4 p.m. GMT
Register: http://bit.ly/25jKKCk
Social Research Association
Generating Qualitative Data Online with Arts-Based & Participatory Methods Free webinar on April 7, 4 pm London Find time zone: http://bit.ly/22gaKJG
Register: http://bit.ly/DoQual
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
I will visit the Dpto. Organización de Empresas (Department of Management) for a 90 minute online seminar.
University of Stirling, Scotland
I am visiting the Theory and Methods of Digital Social Research class at the University of Stirling, in Glasgow,Scotland. It is great to exchange ideas with bright and curious students who are looking at the possibilities for using digital methods in social research.
Vision2Lead
Home base is Boulder, Colorado, at the foothills of the Rocky Mountains!

Contact me to be a part of the tour! I can visit your group of researchers, research faculty or consultants, and/or students.

10 + 8 =

Share

Join the Virtual Book Tour!

Doing Qualitative Research OnlineDoing Qualitative Research Online suggests a new way to think about qualitative research design in the digital world.

I am booking stops on a virtual book tour to introduce Doing Qualitative Research OnlineWe will explore and discuss practical strategies for teaching a course or workshop with the book, or designing research using the approaches described in the book. At each stop on the tour I will offer a free one-hour webinar, and during the subsequent week I will share resources and answer questions in an asynchronous discussion. Follow the tour here– I’ll post descriptions of each new site and add locations to the map!

Learn more about the book here. Haven’t purchased a copy? Get a discount with this coupon.

Want to create a virtual book tour for your book? Learn how!

 

interview-1 copyLet’s get started! Contact me to reserve a spot on the tour.

As host you are responsible for:

  • Selecting the webinar topic from three available options:
    • Getting Started: Online Design Basics,
    • Eliciting Data with Online Interviews or Focus Groups, or
    • Enacted Approaches for Generating Data with Arts-Based & Participatory Methods.
      Find more detailed descriptions of webinar and discussion options here.
  • Coordinating and scheduling the event with me,
  • Confirming attendance of at least 10 researchers, research faculty, and/or students,
  • Sharing suggested resources and readings with attendees,
  • Attending the webinar and participating in the discussion.

Contact me to discuss event options!

11 + 12 =

Share

Teach Doing Qualitative Research Online

If you teach research methods and want to update your course– or perhaps add a whole course focused on digital approaches– see this syllabus for ideas. Plug a few units into an existing course or teach the whole class as outlined.

A course syllabus using Doing Qualitative Research Online is available for download here. Find more assignment suggestions here. Still haven’t purchased Doing Qualitative Research Online? Here is a discount coupon.

Share

Doing Qualitative Research Online

Doing Qualitative Research Online is now available for order from SAGE Publications!

Use this book to think through the options and ethical implications for designing and conducting your own online research using extant, elicited or enacted approaches. Or teach it, and update your research methods course materials. The companion site includes syllabi, articles, media and lots of assignment ideas.

 

Share