Successful collaboration allows partners or students, to connect, work, and learn together by:
Using systematic approaches for online, on-ground, or hybrid collaboration;
Designing workflow and communications for collaborative projects or communities;
Training to build collaborative attitudes and skills; or
Evaluating collaborative processes.
What does “learning to collaborate, collaborating to learn” mean? This conceptual framework is based on four premises:
Collaboration is synthesis of multiple processes that involve both individual and group efforts. While collaboration is widely discussed, existing resources often refer to it in a simplistic way and make overly broad distinctions between collaborative versus individual work. “Learning to collaborate, collaborating to learn” approaches recognize the role of individual reflection and sensemaking as essential to collaboration in an educational context.
There are many types and degrees of collaboration. Collaborative partners need to agree about what they intend to produce together, and the most appropriate approach to use to address the problem or complete the assignment.
Successful collaboration requires thoughtful plans, communication and conflict resolution, work arrangements and management. When some or all of these interactions occur online, collaborative partners need to agree on the technologies and strategies they will use when they work synchronously or asynchronously.
Specific knowledge, skills, and abilities associated with these premises can be learned when academic or work assignments, goals and assessments, are designed to address them.